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Fiberoptic Endoscopy Helps To Predict Swallowing Disorder, Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

According to a new study a simple test to swallow three ounces of water can help determine whether a child has the swallowing disorder oropharyngeal dysphagia, establishing for the first time a way to screen for the ailment in children. The study was on 56 children having oropharyngeal dysphagia. In the first two stages, they were asked to swallow food and liquid boluses and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) was used to measure aspiration. After that the patients were then asked to drink and swallow three ounces of water out of a cup or through a straw. The conclusion drawn from the study was that patients who pass the test can begin new diets consisting of not just thin liquids, but also other food consistencies, including pureed, chopped, soft-solid or regular diet, depending on how much the patient aspirated during the challenge's first two phases. The results showed 39.3 percent of the patients passed the water swallow challenge, and were cleared for an oral diet, with 86.4 percent of those passing resuming a solid food diet. In addition, 61.4 percent of those who failed the test were able to tolerate thin liquids based on FEES results.